What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a special form of dentistry used to treat teeth and jaws that are not positioned correctly. Orthodontics is generally practiced with adolescents, but in recent years has become more popular with adults. This form of dentistry straightens crooked teeth and corrects improper bites, thus improving both the bite and the appearance of your smile. Since crooked teeth are harder to clean, orthodontics also helps to ensure better oral hygiene and the prevention of various gum disease and tooth decay.

What are the different types of orthodontic treatments used?

A variety of orthodontic treatments are made available to correct the positioning of your teeth and jaws including:

  • Braces
  • Retainers
  • Aligners
  • Space maintainers
  • Jaw repositioning appliances
  • Lip and cheek bumpers
  • Palatal expanders
  • Headgear

The type of treatment used will depend on what is needed in each individual case and be determined by an evaluation by the orthodontist.

How will I know if I need orthodontic treatment?

A dentist or orthodontist will determine if you need treatment through use of several methods, including a full dental exam, X-rays and photographs of your teeth, as well as plaster models of your teeth. If you have the following conditions, you may be a candidate for orthodontic treatment:

  • Overbite
  • Underbite
  • Crossbite
  • Openbite
  • Overjet
  • Crowding of teeth
  • Improper spacing of teething

Why choose orthodontics?

Many people choose orthodontic treatments to correct the appearance of their smile. Crooked, crowded teeth and improper bites can cause many to feel uncomfortable, or insecure about the appearance of their smile. The recommended age for orthodontic treatment is between 10-14 years of age when the mouth is still growing and easier to straighten Orthodontic treatments can help to prevent oral issues, such as gum disease, plaque buildup and tooth decay, from occurring. Pursuing orthodontic treatments will not only prevent many of these conditions, but can help boost self-confidence and self esteem.